MacDougall Auctions 2-3 December 2009

2 Dec 2009

Artist Index / Full Catalogue


MOSCOW, SECOND QUARTER TO MID 16TH CENTURY, INSERT (VRESOK)

13. AN IMPORTANT ICON OF THE LORD OF SABAOTH

MOSCOW, SECOND QUARTER TO MID 16TH CENTURY, INSERT (VRESOK)

31.1 by 26.3 cm.
45,000-60,000 pounds



The Lord of Sabaoth is depicted dwelling in Heaven, surrounded by fiery rays of golden light, signifying the act of the Divine creation. He is shown with the Sophia type of halo (an eight-pointed star formed by the superimposition of a green square upon a red square), which symbolises Divine wisdom. Both hands are raised in blessing and are turned towards humankind, emphasising the creative and the world-ordering will of the Holy One. The iconography is based on the image of Jesus Christ as the Ancient of Days, thereby symbolically depicting God the Father (Daniel 7:9 and 14), a concept already present in Byzantine art.

However, from the 16th century, the details defining the figure as Christ (such as the IC XC monogram and the tripartite halo) disappear, and the inscription Gospod Savaof (“The Lord of Sabaoth”) is introduced. Such iconography became widespread from the middle of the 16th century, particularly in the art of Moscow. A depiction of the Lord of Sabaoth usually crowned compositions such as the Creation, Annunciation, Theophany, Synaxis of the Virgin, Triumph of the Cross, and many other scenes, especially symbolic ones. The image was widespread in Old Believers' circles, where this ancient fragment has been conserved by carefully inserting it into a new 18th-century panel.


Notes on symbols:
* Indicates 5% Import Duty Charge applies.
Ω Indicates 20% Import Duty Charge applies.
§ Indicates Artist's Resale Right applies.
† Indicates Standard VAT scheme applies, and the rate of 20% VAT will be charged on both hammer price and premium.